Saturday, August 27, 2011

Arthur T. "Art" Chin

Art Chin, for those who haven't heard of him, was an American from Portland, Oregon, who went to China in the early '30s and became an ace flying for the Chinese Air Force. He was a protege of Chennault's, who praised him in his Way of the Fighter. Andy Chan, John Gong (Art's grandson) and I wrote an article about him which was published in the Summer '08 Chinese-language edition of the Air & Space Power Journal (http://www.airpower.maxwe...apj-c/2008/sum08/Chan.htm) and has already been republished in Portland's Chinese-language paper. 肩负重托,渡洋报效

陈瑞钿,英文名 Arthur Tien Chin(简写 Art Chin — 阿陈),1913 年生于美国俄勒冈州波特兰市。父名 Fon Chin,祖籍中国广东省台山县,母名 Eva Wong,不过陈瑞钿出生证上的母名为 Mulatto,陈家后人都知道这位老祖宗祖籍秘鲁,但不知其中国姓从何而来,一种猜测是其出生混血家庭并在澳门生活过。1930 年代初期,美国华侨界深受孙中山“航空救国”号召影响,当地华人社团全额资助陈瑞钿和一批热血青年入波特兰 Al Greenwood 航空学校学习。飞行训练极其昂贵,可见当地华侨的援华捐助是为可观。1 其时日军欲在亚洲构建大东亚共荣圈,侵占中国东北,并于 1932 年扶建满州国,吞并中国之心昭然若揭。在华侨父老乡亲重托之下,为救故国于困危,陈瑞钿和其他 11 名优秀的华侨青年一道,于 1933 年远涉重洋来华,志愿参加中国(国民党)空军。2


Hazel Ying Lee

Hazel Ying Lee was born in Portland, Ore., in 1912. The daughter of Chinese parents, Ms. Lee enrolled in a flying program sponsored by the Chinese Benevolent Society when she was 20. In 1932 she traveled to China with the intention of joining the Chinese Air Force to fight against the Japanese. She was not allowed to join the Chinese Air Force but contributed to the war effort in various ways including working with a propaganda group and opening a school in Canton.

In 1938 she returned to the United States and worked for a trading company in New York on behalf of the Chinese government. Because of her previous flight training, Ms. Lee applied to the Women's Flying Training Detachment and was accepted into the fourth class (43-W-4). During training, Ms. Lee was forced to make an emergency landing in a farmer's field after her aircraft developed engine problems. The farmer mistook her for a Japanese pilot and held her at "pitchfork point," believing he was being invaded. His son called Avenger Field and let them know one of the WASP trainees had made a forced landing at their farm, and soon Ms. Lee was back at the base with an experience that would become a WASP history classic.

She completed training on Aug. 7 and was assigned to the Air Transport Command's 3rd Ferrying Squadron at Romulus Army Air Base, Mich. She primarily flew trainer and liaison type aircraft until April 1944 when she was sent to instrument school as part an upgrade program designed to prepare her for flying advanced aircraft. After completing instrument pilot school, she attended Officer Candidate School in June because of the belief (at the time) that the WASPs would soon be militarized and commissioned as Lieutenants in the Army. She completed her training by attending Pursuit School in September 1944. Pursuit School qualified her to fly all the Army's single-engine fighter aircraft, including P-39, P-40, P-47, P-51 and P-63. She graduated on Oct. 2, 1944 (with six other WASPs and 27 men) and returned to the 3rd Ferrying Group to resume deliveries of aircraft.

In early November, Ms. Lee went to the Bell Aircraft factory at Niagara Falls, N.Y., to pick up a new P-63 and fly it to Great Falls, Mont., for eventual delivery to Russia via the ALSIB route. Various weather problems delayed her on the way to Montana and it took until Nov. 23 for her to arrive. Many other pilots (both men and WASPs) encountered the same weather delays and several arrived at about the same time. One male pilot (also flying a P-63) had a malfunctioning radio and was unable to contact the control tower for landing instructions (by radio) so landing control lights were used. Ms. Lee was cleared to land by the control tower radio operators at the same time the other pilot was cleared to land using the light system. As both planes were attempting to land on the same runway at the same time, the control tower radioed for the pilot(s) to pull-up and go around without landing to avoid a collision. Unfortunately, Ms. Lee's aircraft was slightly in front of and below the other aircraft (with the malfunctioning radio) and when she pulled up (and the other aircraft did not), the two planes collided and crashed onto the runway. Although she survived the crash, Ms. Lee sustained severe burns and trauma in the resulting fire. She was pulled from her burning aircraft by Lt. Col. Nimmo C. Thysson and rushed to the local hospital; however, her injuries were too severe and she died on Nov. 25.

Additional Reading
Hazel Ah Ying Lee by Kay Gott (WASP of Class 43-W-2) Photo courtesy the USAF Museum.

The pic above shows a North American NA16A trainer of the ChAF Academy at Kunming
The low-wing monoplane with the fixed spatted undercarriage is a French Dewoitine D510; 24 went to the ChAF and were intitally used by a French volunteer squadron (the 41st FS) at Yunnan-fu. The survivors were later used as advanced trainers by the 17th FS at Kunming
The twin-engined a/c with the nose lamps is a DC-2, undoubtedly of CNAC
The belly-landed monoplane is a Vultee V-11, used by the 14th Squadron, another Foreign Volunteer Squadron
The in-flight pic of a biplane #118(?) is a Douglas O2MC; 80+ went to China and saw extensive use against the Communists pre-war.

Chinese Dewoitines (this comesa from the French mag 'Aero Journal' #22 had a long article on export D510s. Apparently 24 D510s were ordered by the ChAF in mid-1937, these arriving in Kunming in the Autumn. These were used to form the 41st FS (with volunteer French pilots) in early 1938. They saw very little combat, but when Kunming was bombed by G3Ms on 28th September 1938, 3 D510s intercepted, claiming one G3M. Three other D510s, fully-assembled, but not delivered to the 41st, were destroyed on the ground. There's a picture of one of these in the article and it's obviously the same a/c as the wrecked D510 included in your scans. So it looks as if Grandad might have been at Kunming at that time. The 41st was dissolved soon afterwards and the surviving D510s went to the Air Academy at Kunming; possibly this was where Grandad was pictured in the cockpit and in front of one?
The survivors later went to the 17th FS, at Kunming) where they saw little more combat and the very last few went to the 59th FS (at Chengtu) in 1940.
Incidentally the Chinese didn't like the D510 much; they considered it obsolete, slow, with poor lateral stability and to be difficult to pilot. The huge radiator was also very vulnerable to enemy fire and after a couple of bursts of fire the motor-cannon lost any accuracy. Bit of a dog, it seems!

The book mentioned above is a very good basic start to the air war over China in 1937-41. It has a pic of that Chinese-built improved I-15bis, tho' it's called an I-152 in the book. The correct name was the Chung 28-B.
There was also a big, thick hardback called 'Flight In China Air Space' which covered the subject in more detail.

Albert Wong 26-10-1937

Thursday, August 25, 2011

Albert Lee Wong - China

Looking for information about Albert Lee Wong. Born in China in 1905, immigrated to the US about 1921, joined Chinese air force in 1938, died in Brawley California in 1959.

Would anyone have any information for Albert Lee Wong. He 2 Feb 1905 in Canton China. He died on 3 Jun 1959 in El Centro, Imperial County, California. He also served in the Chinese Air Force from about 1938 - 1941.

Immigrated to the US in the early 1920's from China. He went back to China to fight the Japanese from 1938 to about 1941.

Albert worked together with Danley "Shing Lee" Wong Restaurant in Brawley. Albert has a daughter Ada that lived in Canada. Grandfather lived in Canada, Dad was originally from Canton, China.


Hello, My name is Margaret. I am looking to locate Carlos,Ada or Robert Wong. These Wongs lived in Alberta ,Canada in the 1970's. Robert was born in April 1970 in Canada. Ada's father's name was Albert and he lived and died in Brawley,California. Albert and my father ran a restaurant together in Brawley, California from the 1950's to the 1970's. My father's name was Danley "Shing Lee" Wong, (possibly Gong Din Wong)born in Canton China. Searching for more info regarding relatives of my father. Thanks! Margaret

Wednesday, August 24, 2011

Monday, August 22, 2011

John Jung - Deep South Tour


Bridging The Cultural Divide A Story Of Love, Loss And Life

This the definitive and true life story of NANCY KWAN who as a young Eurasian girl from Hong Kong captured the hearts and minds of cinemagoers around the world in her stunning motion picture debut role in THE WORLD OF SUZIE WONG (1960). And, in the unforgettable follow up role as “Linda Lo” in the all Asian, Rodgers & Hammerstein Hollywood hit musical. FLOWER DRUM SONG (1961), her career would reach previously unattainable heights.





The Canadian government has approved a coat of arms for all people with the surname Wong. The Wong family coat of arms will be unveiled on Aug. 13. It's the first time the Canadian Heraldic Authority has officially endorsed a coat of arms for a Chinese-Canadian family association.

Read more:

WINDSOR, Ont. — Most coats of arms don’t feature a panda.

In fact, here in Canada, there’s only one that does: The recently formalized Wong coat of arms, meant to represent anyone with the last name Wong in Canada.

“I think it’s cool,” says Windsor resident Raymond Wong. “I think it’s an honour to be one of the Wongs.”

Despite Wong being among the 10 most common Chinese surnames in the world, Raymond says he still feels kinship with all those who share his last name.

“It’s kind of a tradition to the Chinese. When people bump into each other on the street, the first thing they would like to find out from each other is ‘What’s your last name?’” said Raymond, a 47-year-old Chrysler executive.

It’s that sense of kinship that ultimately led to the Wong coat of arms. The project is the work of the Wong Association of Ontario, based in Toronto.

Caroline Wong, a spokeswoman for the group, describes it as a family association with the goal of raising awareness of what Wongs have contributed to Canadian society.

“It’s something that actually brings people together,” she says. “People connect with the last name, even though it’s common.”

But one doesn’t simply make up a coat of arms. There’s a process — and rules to be followed.

“There are a series of heraldic conventions, and many of them go back to the Middle Ages,” said Forrest Pass of the Canadian Heraldic Authority.

In order for a coat of arms to be recognized by the Governor General, petitioners must contact the Canadian Heraldic Authority and work with them in designing the coat of arms.

Pass said it cost the Wong Association of Ontario about $3,000 to go through the entire process, which began in 2009. Two years later, it’s finally official: the Wong coat of arms will be celebrated with a presentation ceremony Aug. 13.

Pass said it’s definitely the first in Canada to feature a panda — not to mention the Chinese writing, dragon and phoenix. “We were dealing with a lot of new ground.”

Facing the panda is a polar bear. The panda’s pickaxe symbolizes the history of Wongs who came to British Columbia in the late 19th century to work the gold fields. The polar bear’s hammer symbolizes the Wongs who worked on the national railway.

Caroline said the idea was to combine Chinese elements with Western ones. “It’s about the Wongs being in Canada.”

Raymond’s only complaint with the Wong coat of arms is that he believes the panda and the polar bear should switch places. “They should flip the two animals. The east meets the west, so the panda should be on the right-hand side, when you think about it.”

Windsor Star
© Copyright (c) The Windsor Star

Read more:

Friday, August 19, 2011

Funeral job leads to life-long career

Daniel Sales is the manager of Waikumete Cemetery. The 45-year-old lives in Waitakere with his wife Jayne and their two children. He speaks to reporter Stephen Forbes.

I moved to New Zealand from the United Kingdom in 2003 and started working at Waikumete Cemetery two years later.

It is the biggest graveyard in the country, spanning 108 hectares.

My day can include everything from organising a memorial service for a historic event to arranging a burial or dealing with the media.

I first started working as an apprentice funeral director in Nottingham, England, when I was 16 years old.

I got into the industry after going to speak to a careers adviser at school. She asked me what I wanted to do and I didn't fancy getting into the trades. She said: "Look, it's a little bit out of left field but have you considered being an undertaker?"

There was a vacancy and I decided to give it a go.

My training included everything from grave digging and removing the deceased from the scene of an accident to dealing with a coroner and arranging and conducting a funeral.

It's quite weird because none of my family worked in the industry. Often you've got someone whose father was a grave digger and they've passed it on. But my father was a electrician and my mother was a midwife.

In my role as manager at Waikumete I usually start work at about 7.30am. The first thing I do is match up our running sheets, which set out the staff's tasks for that day.

If the sexton Tim Mason isn't available I meet with the burial and cremation teams to make sure there haven't been any changes to services planned for that day.

After that I answer any correspondence that's waiting. It might be someone inquiring about their plot lease expiring or a media inquiry about an upcoming memorial service.

Throughout the day I also meet with the various contractors we work with to discuss what they are working on, such as repairing gravestones around the cemetery.

It's a very hands-on job and it's the variety I like. Every day is different. Sometimes when we're busy I have to put on a high visibility vest and take part in a burial or cremation. I might have to help dig a grave, but it doesn't happen very often.

I usually finish at about 5pm. But it really is a 24/7 operation and I'm responsible for anything that happens in the cemetery. I have my phone with me at all times in case there is an emergency.
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In November last year 96 headstones were smashed beyond repair by vandals and I had to work with the police on that.

My job also involves dealing with families of the deceased. Assisting someone with a funeral is quite special. It could involve anything from selling them a burial plot to helping with a genealogy search.

But it comes with its stresses. Sometimes you might struggle to meet the needs of a family because of time constraints.

But we try to find the right balance. The industry is changing all the time and we have to deliver what families want and offer them choices. Families are a lot more involved in funeral services nowadays than they used to be.

In the years since I've been here the team has put Waikumete Cemetery back on the map. It's the jewel in the crown of Waitakere.

- Western Leader Last updated 13:14 16/06/2011

NZ's largest cemetery full

It's the biggest cemetery in New Zealand but Glen Eden's Waikumete is reaching its capacity.

Waikumete Cemetery manager Daniel Sales says unless changes are made to Auckland Council's district plan, the Great North Road site could be full sooner than people think.

"We've got between five and eight years of capacity left, depending on funeral numbers," Mr Sales says.

"But there are plans to look at changing the district plan to see what other areas within the cemetery we can use."

Waikumete first opened in 1886 and was established to replace the Symonds Street Cemetery in Auckland city.

It now stretches over almost 108 hectares and contains the remains of more than 70,000 people.

But Sales says there are about 33 hectares of undeveloped bush and scrub land within its boundaries that could be used.

He says this would allow the cemetery to extend its capacity by another 30 to 40 years.

"But that will have to go through the district plan process," Sales says.

"So we're starting that this year and we're hoping to have it all in place by the end of next year."

Auckland Council manager of regional and specialist parks Mace Ward says a discussion document will be released in the next three to four months and will set the groundwork for a new Waikumete Cemetery management plan.

It will look at which new areas could be used at the cemetery as well as the future use of some its historic buildings including the sexton's cottage.

"There is a really urgent need to make some decisions on Waikumete Cemetery," Ward says.

"Because the existing management plan has come to the end of its life."

He hopes to have a new management plan in place in the next 18 months.

- Stuff

Flu fight the Kiwis lost

HISTORIC MEMORIAL: Waikumete Cemetery manager Daniel Sales and amateur historian Audrey Lange at a memorial for 1918 flu victims.

Health authorities are working round the clock to ward off a swine flu outbreak. But their counterparts had virtually no time to guard New Zealanders against the Spanish influenza that swept the country in 1918. Many of the casualties are buried at Waikumete Cemetery. Today reporter Stephen Forbes revisits one of the darkest periods in Kiwi history.

The influenza epidemic that struck New Zealand between October and December 1918 still stands as the country’s worst disease outbreak ever.

It claimed 8600 lives – including 1128 in the Auckland region.

Amateur historian Audrey Lange of Glendene started researching the outbreak last year to mark its 90th anniversary.

"I got copies of the burial register from Waikumete Cemetery for the fourth quarter of 1918 and worked from there. It became a massive task – the majority of the information I found was in the old newspapers."

The lethal flu strain is believed to have originated among British and French troops serving on the Western Front. But there is still some debate over how it got to New Zealand.

Early reports suggested it came into the country aboard the RMS Niagara – the Royal Mail liner that docked in Auckland on October 12, 1918.

Twenty-nine of the boat’s crew and several passengers were hospitalised in Auckland.

But Dr Robert Makgill, who wrote an official report on the pandemic for the Health Department in 1919, believed the Niagara was only carrying an ordinary strain of influenza.

Dr Makgill said the ship had left North America well in advance of the second wave of the influenza breaking out.

It was also just one of the many ships that docked in Auckland in October 1918 carrying servicemen returning from Europe.

Deaths associated with the influenza outbreak were recorded within weeks of the Niagara docking.

"One of the reasons it got out of hand was the hospitals were in no condition to cope," Ms Lange says. "They had to open temporary facilities."

Ms Lange scoured cemetery records to find every flu victim buried at Waikumete. She found many were buried in unmarked graves.

Ms Lange says the pandemic peaked between November 13 and 19 when two trains a day carried bodies from Auckland rail station to Waikumete for burial.

Thirty-three extra gravediggers were hired to keep up with the demand.

"On the worst day at the cemetery there was 70 burials. They would start at 8am in the morning and finish at 8pm at night."

Ms Lange says Auckland was a virtual ghost town.

"They closed down everything – the shops, the hotels, the theatres. All the other train services were stopped."

The virus was waning by December 1918. A memorial was erected at Waikumete in September 1988 to remember the dead.

- Western Leader Last updated 05:00 12/05/2009

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Update to Australia Cemetery Index 1808-2007
The Australia Cemetery Index 1808-2007 contains tombstone transcriptions from several cemeteries in Australia. We have just added 166,929 new records to this index, bringing the collection to a total of 665,118 records.

Update to Australia Cemetery Index 1808-2007
Posted by Ancestry Australia and New Zealand on August 12, 2011 in Australia, Content, Deaths

The Australia Cemetery Index 1808-2007 contains tombstone transcriptions from several cemeteries in Australia. We have just added 166,929 new records to this index, bringing the collection to a total of 665,118 records.

What’s New?

Records have been added in the following areas -

Brisbane, QLD cemeteries – 50,165 records from 1828-1998 (with images)
Dubbo and District, NSW cemeteries – 25,394 records from 1808-1995 (with images)
Central Coast, NSW cemeteries – 8,992 records from 1823-2004 (with images)
Kinsela (Central Coast), NSW funeral directors registers – 52,589 records from 1905-2007
Palmdale Lawn Cemetery and Memorial Park, NSW transcriptions – 29,798 records from 1895-2005

What information can I find to help with my Family Tree?

The information given for a record will vary but you may find the following –

Birth date
Death date
Burial date
Name of cemetery
State in which cemetery is located
Location of grave or tombstone within the cemetery

Below is an example of one of the records in the collection from a Dubbo cemetery which, in some cases, mentions other family members.

You can search the updated index online at

The invitation to the exhibition at the Parramatta Heritage Centre features a photograph of my great-great grandparents and their eight surviving children in 1896. The middle photo is of my great-grandfather Cheng Fan Chong (later known as Henry Fine).

Museum of Chinese Australian History

Museum of Chinese Australian History
Private researcher Joy Rainey is writing a book on market gardeners who worked in the Melbourne 'sandbelt' (Sandringham, Brighton, Cheltenham, Heatherton, Bentleigh). She is interested in talking with Chinese-Australians who either worked on a market garden in this area or their children who remember them. Contact Sophie at the Museum for more information (03 9662 2888)

Saturday, August 13, 2011

The Lost Diggers

For nearly a century a unique, precious trove of Australian history has lain hidden and neglected among the dust and cobwebs of an attic in a disused French barn.

National treasure discovered
Historic trove of WWI photos lost in French barn for nearly 100 years

For nearly a century a unique, precious trove of Australian history has lain hidden and neglected among the dust and cobwebs of an attic in a disused French barn.

Now Ch7’s Sunday Night program has tracked down the incredible cache of 3000 glass plate photographic negatives — featuring Australia’s first Diggers on history’s bloodiest battlefield, the Western Front.

Australian war memorial historians are thrilled with the poignant pictures — many of them the last, or only, images of men before they died in the unspeakable carnage of trench warfare. But together, we need your help in putting names to the faces of the lost diggers.

If you think you know a soldier in these pictures we would love to hear from you, either via our website or email Sunday Night.

Full collection of Australian and international soldiers

"I think these photographs rank up there with one of the most important discoveries from the First World War."

- Ashley Ekins, head of Military History, Australian War Memorial, Canberra

These are the pictures kindly provided by Madame Henriette Crognier of Vignacourt, just some of the original Thuillier World War One collection of 3000+ photographic plates.

Nationalities include Australian Diggers as well as British, Canadian and American soldiers, and Indian and Chinese labourers.

If you think you know a soldier in these pictures we would love to hear from you, either via our website or email Sunday Night.

View and comment on the full collection:

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3

Friday, August 12, 2011

Waikumete cemetery looking for relatives of 20 serviceman world war one and two to repair graves at no cost to families

COWLEY Ralph Tugi d.27 Jul 1915
SOLOMONA Peter d.3 Apr 1917
MEADE Charles William 9 Nov 1918
MERCER Percy Albert d. 4 Nov 1919
EDWARDS Herbert Cecil Arthur d. 1 Jul 1947
BAIN George d.22 Aug 1914
BONELLA Frederick d. 11 Jun 1919
GROVES Richard d.10 Sep 1917
MINOGUE d. 10 Nov 1916
RYAN Edward Thomas d.10 Dec 1918
BURKITT George Percival d. 4 Nov 1919
STOWELL Hector Arthur d.23 Nov 1918
MITCHELL Leslie d. 27 Nov 1943
RICKMAN James George d. 14 Nov 1918
HARROP Charles d. 2 Aug 1917
SMITH Albert Harrison d. 21 Nov 1918
VERCOE Norman Edmond d. 5 Jun 1919
BARTON Charles Frederick d. 28 Aug 1917
FITZPATRICK Frederick Daniel d. 30 Oct 1918
SPEIR Allan John d. 16 Aug 1920

contact Margaret Marks (04) 496 6343

Laura Gooch

Finding a relative

We are trying to find out what happened to our relative Laura Gooch, born Norwich, England in 1894, and we think she emigrated to New Zealand in about 1912.

We hope to find a relative who can fill us in on the missing information.

Laura Gooch (maiden name) had a son, George, who married Rene and had two daughters. We don't know if Laura actually married, when she died, or where she is buried.

Please contact us if you have any information.


- The Marlborough Express

Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Papakura's Sing Tieu

Chinese smorgasbord restaurant, Papakura, 1987.

"A Chinese style smorgasbord - that's the menu offered by Papakura's Sing Tieu and his new restaurant ... The smorgasbord style of eating is ideal for the small family as if offers a huge choice of courses - more than 100 at an excellent price in a very short time." (Counties Courier, 10 June 1987, p. 11)

Creator: Unknown
Date: June 1987
Location: Papakura
Medium: Black and white photograph

Manukau Research Library, Courier collection, box 32/63.

Photograph reproduced by permission of Fairfax Media.

To enquire about copyright or reproduction rights, contact Manukau Research Library.

Ruby Restaurant, Papakura, 1983.

Ruby Restaurant, Papakura, 1983.

William Tarm owner/manager of the Ruby Chinese restaurant, Papakura, June 1983. ("The fully licenced Chinese restaurant caters for the public seven days a week ...," Manukau Courier, 14 June 1983, Franklin Courier, p. 4.)

Creator: Unknown
Date: June 1983
Location: Papakura
Medium: Black and white photograph

Manukau Research Library, Courier collection, box 18/7.

Photograph reproduced by permission of Fairfax Media.

To enquire about copyright or reproduction rights, contact Manukau Research Library.

Talent for cooking', Papatoetoe, 1982.

Talent for cooking', Papatoetoe, 1982.

Jack Chong, a New Zealand-born Chinese living in Papatoetoe, displays his newly published cookbook and one of a new range of seasonings. Photograph published in the Manukau Courier, 20 August 1982, p. 6.

Creator: Unknown
Date: August 1982
Location: Papatoetoe
Medium: Black and white photograph

Manukau Research Library, Courier collection, box 16/18.

Photograph reproduced by permission of Fairfax Media.

To enquire about copyright or reproduction rights, contact Manukau Research Library.

Soung Yueen & Co.', Auckland, 1940s.

Soung Yueen & Co.', Auckland, 1940s.

A view of Greys Avenue during the 1940s. Shows the back of the Auckland Town Hall and the premises of Soong Yueen & Company, Chinese merchants and importers.

Creator: Francis, Alton, 1926-1997
Date: 1940s
Location: Auckland
Medium: Black and white photograph

Manukau Research Library, MNP: MS 139, Box 4.

Photograph reproduced by permission of Mrs Diane Francis.

To enquire about copyright or reproduction rights, contact Manukau Research Library.

The Chinese woman has many grievances (says a recent writer). Her subjection is ■so complete that she has no . individual existence. When a Chinaman has only daughters he says he has no children, and girls are of so little value that they are often not named, and merely called first-born, secpnd-borU, etc. At no time of her existence is she considered an independent human being. As a daughter she is the chattel of her father, who can dispose of her as he pleases, and without consulting her wishes, as a wife she becomes the possession of the man who will pay the highest price for her. She then no longer belongs to her former family, but to that of her husband, and if she becomes a widow, they can resell her to whom they please, or else the control of her passes to her sons. Widows of high social position, however, are allowed more freedom. She can never inherit property, 1 but she is entitled to a small dowry on her marriage ; it may be only a few clothes or a humble chest of drawers wherein to put them, but if the bridegroom does not supply the dowry her father is obliged to do so. As io is considered the duty of every Chinese to marry, from both social and religious points of view, the number of unmarried women in the Celestial Empire is inconsiderable, and practically all are brought "under the yoke. The code of Manus contains very different laws for meu and women. The law for a widower states that . "after Having accomplished- with consecrated fires the funeral ceremony of a wife who has died, let him contract a new marriage" but the widow is informed that "a virtuous woman who desires, to obtain the same abode of felicity as her husband must do nothing which may diplease him.- either during life, or after death. After losing her husband let her not pronounce the name "pf any other man.'.' '"' "Now, however, the Chinese women are awakening to the brutality and injustice jof this state of things, and they are demanding education and legal rights. Colonist, Volume LI, Issue 12476, 1 March 1909, Page 4

The death of Mr Sam Chew Lain, whioh oocurred at bis residence, Tuapeka Flat, on Sunday last after a short illness, will be heard of with regret throughout the whole distriot, and even, we might say, throughout the whole province, for he was a man who, catering for the public for the past 30 years, was most widely known and respected. Mr Chew Lain landed in Victoria from China when he was 15 years of age and after following mining there for some years came to New Zealand early in the sixties. After mining in Munros Gully for some time he left for tbe Switzers diggings and remained some years in that locality. He then returned to tbe Tuapeka distriot and in con-

junction with a fellow-countryman, named Wong On, built the Chinese Empire Hotel at Tuapeka Flat. The partnership was not* one of long duration, Wong On transferring his interest in the business to Mr Chew Lain shortly after the house was built, and " Sam " has conducted the hotel Einoe. As a businessman he quickly estab-

lished a reputation for thorough honesty and sorupulous exaotness in business matters, and

it is, therefore, not a matter of eurprise that he proved in every resppct a thoroughly successful businessman. To his oountrymen and Europeans alike he has proved in many oases a friend" indeed, and stories of largehearted generosity are legion. He leaves a widoff to mourn his loss but no family. The funeral, notwithstanding that it took plaoe in a heavj downpour of rain, was largely attended by the residents of Lawrence and distriot, and there Wiß also in the procession a- large number of bis countrymen. Funeral services at the grave were conduoted by the Rev. J. A. Will and by the Masonic body, of which order he was a member. Tuapeka Times, Volume XXXVI, Issue 5046, 18 March 1903, Page 3

Recently a brutal murder committed in the Chinese quarter of Fresno, California. The victim was a Chinese woman. The murderer, Ah Gee Yung, was caught redhanded, and covered with blood of the dead woman. The knife was still in his hand, and after he had made the first dash to escape, when the officers appeared, he resisted no more, and did not deny that he had committed the deed. His only excuse was that the woman had deserted him. The case was plain, the jury foundjhim guilty, and the penalty of death waßpronounced. The usual appeals to the Supreme Court were taken, but they availed nothing. Powerful Chinese companies had stood by Ah Gee Yung through all his troubles, and they showed no intention of deserting him as long as there was any hope, and, with them, ' so long as there was life there was hope. Twice he made his escape with keys conveyed to him, but waß captured. The night before bis execution, the condemned man lay on his bed, and seemed to fall asleep. About 11.30 that night the death watch observed a prolonged silence in the cell, and becoming suspicious unlocked the door and went in. Ah Gee Yung was apparently dead. The froth on his mouth showed that he had taken poison. Dennis, the guard, shook him, but the Chinaman gave no sign of life. The' guard called in the prison officials, and a messenger was sent for Dr. Lewis Leach, the prison physician. Dr. .Leach soon arrived, and, with the assistance of Sheriff Heneley, Janitor Smart, John Dennis, the death watch, and Charles Bond, the Chinaman was treated to revive him, for life was not extinct. It was pronounced to be a case of opium poisoning, and as a further proof of this a horn vial was found between the blankets of the bed. It would contain about an ounce of opium, but was empty when found The odour showed that it contained that drug. All the known antidotes for opium poisoning wero used. Three times the doctor pumped the Chinaman's stomach full of water and thea pumped it empty again. Coffee was given also. At three o'clock in morning life was not extinct, and the doctor left him, and thought it possible that the poison had been overcome and that his life would be saved for the gallows. But in an hour the Chinaman was pronounced dead. Soon after daylight that morning the body was put in a box and sent to the Coroner's office. ' The Chinese were early at the gaol with offers to bury the body as soon as it should be turned over to them. As the burial would be an expense to the country if done by the undertaker, and as the Chinese offered to do it for nothing, there was no objection, and they were told the body would be turned over to them as soon as a Coroner's jury had brought in a verdict of the cause of death. The inquest was held that morning. Dr. Leach said that death was due to opium poisoning. The jury viewed the body and signed a verdict that Ah Gee Yung came to his death from opium administered by himself. This done, the body was placed iv a rough box and turned over to the Chinese who were waiting at the door. The box was placed in a waggon, and the long procession of the Chinese funeral moved out of town to the Mongolian graveyard, two miles distant. No white man accompanied the funeral, for no one had any interest in the dead murderer. The graveyard was reaohed, a box was buried, the ceremonies and usual exercises were gone through with, food and papers were left at the grave, as is the custom, and that evening the delegation of tramps who had heard of the burial wandered out to the graveyard to eat the food left there, and that was the end of Ah Gee Yung, the murderer, it was thought. But it was not so. Fifty people saw Ah Gee Yung alive after the coroner's jury pronounced him dead. Finding that the last hope was gone, a Chinese druggist prepared a potion which would stupefy and, in a measure, Buspend liie. This was placed in the possession of Ah Gee Yung, to be used as a last resort. After his second failure to escape he drank the drug, and to still more simulate death he blotched his skin with a paint prepared for the purpose, so as to give his face and neck a dark purple, like that observed in a dead person, by the blood settling near the surface. As a still further deception an artificial froth was prepared for the mouth like that produced by poieon. All worked perfectly according to design. The rough and poorly- joined box in which the Chinaman was hauled to the grave admitted enough air to keep him from smothering. In the long funeral train there was concealed a second box, in general appearance like the first. It was hidden in the bottom of a waggon resembling the waggon in which Ah Gee Yung was carried. In the march to the grave the waggon with the empty box was driven to the front and the other was kept in the* background, well concealed beneath drapery. The empty box was buried, and the ceremonies were said about it as if it had contained the last remains of the murderer. The waggon containing the body of Ah Gee Yung was driven to a Chinese vegetable garden a few miles in the country and was then opened. In course of time the man who the physicians and the Coroner's jury had pronounced dead was revived, and was none the worse for his narcotic sleep, except that he was sick for a day or two, for the experienco had been a strain on his nervous system. He waa kept in concealment a few days and was then disguised and put on board the cars for the North. Evening Post, Volume XLVII, Issue 135, 9 June 1894, Page 1

The funeral of the late Rev. W. Mawson Foreign Missions Secretary of the Presbyterian Church of New Zealand, and a former missionary of the Church in China, took place this afternoon. There was a large attendance at the funeral service at St. John's Church, Willis Street. The service was conducted by the Rev. F. H. Wilkinson, Moderator of the Presbytery, assisted by the Rev. F. B. Barton, convener of the Foreign Missions Committee; Mr. Yun Shun, Chinese missionary (Auckland); the Revs. D. D. Scott, J. A. Thompson, and Dr. J. Gibb, , The chief mourners were Mrs. Mawson (widow), Miss M. Mawson (daugn-, ter), Messrs. G. Mawson, B. Mawson, D. Mawson, and J. Mawson; and amongst those present were Messrs. D Gordon, G. Gordon, E. Gordon, and Dr W P. Gordon (relatives), Messrs. Yue H. Jackson (Chinese Consulate!, A. D. Thomson (representing the Presbyterian Church Property Trustees, V. G. Chapman (general treasurer Presbyterian Church), H. W. Henley. F. E. Chappel .-(Presbyterian Young Men's Bible Class Union) C. S. Fal- Church), Mesdames Lopdell (Dominion president), R. Inghs- (Wellington president), and other representatives of the Presbyterian Women s Missionary Union. The service at the graveside was conducted by the Rev. J. M. McKenzie j (Canton Villages Mission), assisted by the Revs. G. Budd and F. B. Barton. Evening Post, Volume CXIX, Issue 138, 13 June 1935, Page 10

Tuesday, August 9, 2011

Friday, August 5, 2011


At twenty minutes past three on May rth, a fire broke out in Greystreet in a bnilding owned by Mr Neumegen, pawnbroker, and occupied by Sam Kee, a Chinese laundryman, and four assistants. Sam Kee states that in company with the other inmates of the house he retired to bed at, 1130 o'clock last night, leaving no fires burning. Some time after he heard a sound of something falling, and jumping up, discovered that the place was on fire, and that the room was full of smoke. He shouted out at the top of his voice to awaken the others, but could not say whether they heard him or not. He put up the window and jumped from it to the roadway, a distance of about 20ft. He was too excited to see if the others escaped. The brigade were early on the scene, but were unable to save the laundry or the adjoining portion of the buildings which was occupied by Mr Hadfield,- cabinet maker, and which, with most of its contents, was destroyed.

Constable Lanigaß was on the spot soon after the outbreak, and there was a strong body of police in attendance.After the fire had been got under about five o'clock, the police entered the building and discovered the bodies of two Chinamen named Willie Wah, 60, years o£ age, and Sing Hung, about 30 years of age,one in the front room and one in the back. To get the bodies out it was necessary to take them out of the front window and over the verandah. The first was got out without any trouble, and was lowered down by a rope. While the second was being taken over the verandah, on which Sergeant Clarke and Constables A. McDonald,were standing, it suddenly collapsed, and all fell to the ground. Sergeant Clarke, who fell underneath, struck the ground with his hip. The body fell on the Sergeant, and Constable Douthett fell head first on the body, wkile Constable Thompson, and half-a-dozen sheets of iron landed together on the heap below. When the men were picked up, it was found that Sergeant Clarke had been badly injured on the right leg, which he was unable to move. His head was also cut by a sheet of falling iron.He, was removed to the adjoining shop, where he was attended to by Dr. Lindsay, and was afterwards removed to his residence by Sergeant Walker and Constable Oliphant

During the progress of the fire, Miss Ada Hadfield was injured through jumping of thereof of the verandah. Her feet were slightly burned, and she also sustained a strain hurting her hack, though not seriously. Miss Hadfield was removed to the Hospital. There was no insurance on the furniture of either of the occupants of the building.

The .'building, the walls of which are left standing, was insured in the Nationallnsuranee Office for £500, and this sum was about the value of the structure. The origin of the fire remains a mystery. When the Ghinamen retired all lights were out and everything was safe. Mr Hadfield, who lost almost all his stock and furniture, is a considerable loser by the fire. Auckland Star, Volume XXIX, Issue 111, 12 May 1898, Page 5

An inquest was held this morning at Gleeson's Hotel to inquire into the circumustances surrounding the death of William Wah (cook) and Sing Hung (market gardener) who were accidentally burned al the laundry of Sam Kee in Grey-strect, early on Friday morning. Dr. Philson (Coroner) look the evidence and Mr T. Quoi aeled as interpreter. Constable Oliphant represented the police and Mr Ah Kew was present on behalf of his fellow countrymen. Mr James Collett was chosen foreman of Ihe jury.

Sam Kee, who was sworn in the Chinese fashion, deposed, through Mr Quoi, that he was a laundryman and livid at the laundry destroyed by fire. He identified the bodies as those of William Wall and Sing Hung, and said ihc, were natives of China. They lived in the laundry with witness and he last saw them alive at the laundry at II p.m. on Thursday. At this time witness said both men were sober and ihey had not been smoking opium. Wall was 60 years of age and Hung 41. Deceased had no supper before going to bed. The house was 2 storeys and was lighted by gas only in the lower storey. Deceased slept, in seperate rooms upstairs, but another man named Gee Tai slept in Wall's room. Witness slept in Hung's room. When they went in bed each had one sperm candle. Witness put out Wah's candle, but he was not sure if Hang's wick was extingmished. The candles stood on the table, and witness was soon asleep, He was awakened two or three hours afterwards by hearing a crackling noise below the stairs, and on getting up saw flame on the stairs: He gave the alarm and roused Hung up. He also called out to Wah, who got up. Witness did not go into the room, he then jumped out by a back window into the yard, some 20 feet below. He saw Gee Tai come out of a front window on lo the verandah but he saw no other persons. AI this time the Fire Brigade had not arrived. He saw the Fire Brigade afterwards endeavouring to put the fire out. Witness said the washing place was at the rear, where the boiler was located. It was in use on the day previous to the fire, Gee Tai put it out at 1 p.m. on Thursday. There was a charcoal stove at the back of the ironing room, he saw the fire there on Thursday put out. Witness believed the fire originated in the lower storey, but he could not say in which room. The Foreman: This appears to be another case like the fire at the D.S.C. The lire Brigade were not quick enough. : Constable Oliphanl: I have a constable here to say that the Fire Brigade were present five minutes after the alarm was given. The fire was burning some time before the alarm was given. Gee Tai, laundryman, who slept, on the premises, said the (fre broke out in the lower storey. He did not know how the fire began. To a Juryman: The windows of the house lifted, but there were no sash cords. Constable R. Lanigian in his evidence said he was at the fire at 3.25a.m. on Friday with Constable McDonald. At this time the fire had a good hold. It was mostly in Ihe back" of the building.Only the inmates of the adjoining shop were then about. It was impossible to enter the building, but witness went into a right-of-way on the left of the laundry. Witness thought the fire originated in the second drying room on the ground floor, 'there were three rooms on the ground floor. The fire Brigade arrived at the fire about the same time, as witness. He thought, the Brigade were late in getting the alarm,but they succeeded in saving the adjoining building. The fire traveiled very quickly. After the fire was extinguished witness found the remains of Wah face, downwards in the front room upstairs facing the street. Wah was evidently more suffocated than burned. Sing Hung's body witness found in an adjoining room. The body was completely charred.

The Coroner said no evidence had been put before the jury to show how the fire originated. Itwould be best to return run open verdict.

The jury then returned a verdict 'That the deceased came to their death through burning, but their was no evidence to show how the. fire originated.' Mr Quoi then made a statement to the jury that gunpowder had been wrapped up and lighted and thrown info the shop by larrikins. The Chinese had been frequently annoyed in this way.

The funeral of the two Chinese leaves Mr Little's premises to-morrow afternoon. Auckland Star, Volume XXIX, Issue 107, 7 May 1898, Page 2

Chinese Laundry

Auckland Star, Volume XXXIV, Issue 28, 2 February 1903, Page 4

Looking towards Victoria St East from Victoria St West, showing Albert Park (centre distance), the Greyhound Hotel (on left corner), Goodsons London Arcade (on the right corner) and further along the original Blue Post Dining Rooms, gas lmaps, pedestrians, horse drawn vehicles and hansom cabs lined up in the middle of the road(right) Please acknowledge 'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 4-231A' when re-using this image. Record ID
4-231A Photographer Richardson, James D Date 1880s?
Date Period 1880-1889

Victoria Street East, Victoria Street West, Victoria Street, Auckland Central, Goodsons London Arcade, Albert Park, Greyhound Hotel, Blue Post Dining Room, Hotels, Dining rooms, Pedestrians, Cab, hansom, Horse-drawn vehicles

Original Format
Glass plate negative

Please acknowledge 'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 35-R33' when re-using this image.Record ID 35-R33Photographer Radcliffe, Frederick George
Date Period 1900-1909

Victoria Street East, Victoria Street West, Queen Street, Auckland Central, Horse-drawn vehicles

Original FormatGlass plate negative Classification No. 995.1101 V63 (4)

Looking east from Victoria Street East towards Albert Park, with horses feeding in the foreground

Please acknowledge 'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 4-9090' when re-using this image.Record ID 4-9090 Photographer Richardson, James D Date
186-? Date Period1860-1869

Auckland City, Auckland Central, Victoria Street East, Albert Park, Kitchener Street, Panoramic views, Houses

Original Format
Glass plate negative

Looking west from Barrack Hill (later Albert Park) over Victoria Street (centre) and showing buildings of central city area with houses facing Victoria Quadrant (later Kitchener Street) (foreground)

Please acknowledge 'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 1-W1644' when re-using this image. Record ID 1-W1644
Photographer Winkelmann, Henry Date 1917

Waterfront, Auckland Central, Fanshawe Street, Freemans Bay, Sturdee Street, Market Place, Nelson Street, Auckland Central, Sam White and Sons, Timber yards, Shipyards, Horses and carts, Crown Cement Store, Telegraph poles

Original Format
Glass plate negative

Copy Format
Film negative

Classification No.
995.1101 W33 (1910-19)[24]

Looking west from Gleesons Hotel on the corner of Hobson Street across Freemans Bay, showing Fanshawe Street (foreground and left of centre), Sturdee Street and Market Place (centre to right), Nelson Street (left), premises of S White and Sons, builders (middle distance), timber and shipbuilding yards in the area, horses and carts in the street, and telegraph pole being erected on footpath

Record ID 1-W344 Photographer Winkelmann, Henry Date
31 December 1923 Date Period 1920-1929

Civic Square, Market Square, Anchor Hotel, Hotels, Myers Street, Samuel G Pudney (Firm), Tailors, James MacNeill (Firm), Continental Cafe, W Robins (Firm), Chemists, Shee W Wong (Firm), Fruiterers, Buses, Horses and carts, Cars, Auckland Central

Original Format
Glass plate negative

Copy Format
Film negative

Classification No.
995.1101 M99
No known Copyright

'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 1-W344'
Looking east from Market Square to Queen Street, showing Market Entrance (Myers Street) with premises of S G Pudney and Anchor Hotel (left), James MacNeill, agents for the Elliot Woodworker (right), the Continental Cafe, W Robins, chemist and Shee W Wong, fruiterers, can be seen on Queen Street
'Sir George Grey Special Collections, Auckland Libraries, 35-R559' when re-using this image.

Record ID

Radcliffe, Frederick George

Hawera, High Street, Hawera, Kuong Young (Firm), Fruiterers, R and E Tingey and Company Limited, Chemists, Verandahs, Water towers, Bicycles, Cars, Horse-drawn vehicles Original Format Glass plate negative Classification No 995.28 H39

Looking down High Street, Hawera showing the premises of Kuong Young, fruiterer; R and E Tingey and Co Ltd Oil and Colour merchants; chemist; verandahs on other premises along street; top of water tower visible (right rear); cars, horse- drawn vehicles, bicycles (foreground to rear); power poles and lines (left)